For generations, the allure of outer space has woven its magic spell on the human imagination. Ever since the historic Apollo 11 moon landing on July 16, 1969, the United States has been spellbound by the mysteries of the cosmos. Hollywood has painted vivid pictures of space exploration, yet, until now, it’s mostly been the stuff of science fiction—a dream that remained tantalizingly out of reach.

The biggest stumbling block in our quest for space has always been the sheer weight of the fuel required to break free from Earth’s gravity. This limitation has made it clear that manned missions beyond our planet would be perilous, one-way adventures leading to nowhere. But all of that could be on the brink of transformation, thanks to NASA’s audacious plans, which may become reality much sooner than we think.

In a groundbreaking revelation, NASA has unveiled its bold vision of constructing habitable structures on the moon using cutting-edge 3D-printing technology. Their ambitious goal? To have a thriving lunar community by 2040. To achieve this vision, the space agency is set to deploy an array of lunar innovations, including rocket landing pads, 3D printers, specially crafted concrete formulas, and a squad of construction robots—all designed to create a bustling lunar subdivision.

What sets NASA’s plan apart is their intent to utilize the moon’s own resources. They intend to harvest lunar soil to create a specialized concrete mixture that will serve as the cornerstone of their lunar homes. Rachel Kraft, a senior communications specialist at NASA, expressed the agency’s determination, stating: “NASA is working with international and commercial partners to develop the infrastructure needed for a long-term human presence on the Moon. This infrastructure may comprise systems including modern surface habitats, rovers, laboratory capabilities, power generation and storage, and tools and equipment.”

While it may still appear like science fiction, if NASA can harness the moon’s existing resources for supplies, this prospect appears closer to becoming a reality. Jennifer Edmunson, the project’s lead geologist at NASA, remarked: “The first thing that needs to happen is a proof of concept. Can we actually manipulate the soil on the lunar surface into a construction material? We need to start this development now if we’re going to realize habitats on the moon by the 2040 time frame.”

Estimates suggest that each kilogram of payload on a lunar-bound rocket comes with a staggering price tag of $1 million. Therefore, maximizing lunar surface resources becomes absolutely imperative. Patrick Suermann, collaborating with NASA on this endeavor as a professor at Texas A&M University, emphasized: “Chemistry is the same up there, but physics are different. There’s no Home Depot up there. So you either have to know how to use what’s up there, or send everything you need.”

Prior to commencing construction, NASA’s plan includes sending astronauts on a lunar orbit mission by 2024, with the aim of achieving a lunar surface landing in 2025. But you might wonder, what’s the rationale behind establishing a human colony on the moon?

The ultimate objective is clear: America’s ambition is to set its sights on Mars with human explorers. To achieve this grand endeavor, a lunar presence serves as a crucial stepping stone, providing the launchpad for future interplanetary missions. Rachel Kraft stated: “Whenever possible, as part of the agency’s Moon to Mars approach, these lunar systems will be developed as pathfinders for future Mars missions.”

Should humans successfully establish a sustainable presence on the moon and designate it as a launchpad for future missions to Mars, the odds of success are bound to skyrocket. With lunar gravity on their side, launching from the moon becomes a far more promising prospect.

While undeniably a colossal endeavor, the dream of interplanetary exploration might still seem like science fiction. Nevertheless, if humanity is ever to embark on a mission to assess the habitability of Mars for our species, it will inevitably begin with the lunar frontier as the first stepping stone.